| by Dirgha Raj Prasai

( December 26, 2013 – Kathmandu, Sri Lanka Guardian)
The aspirations of the people are the best law. To implement the thoughts of the people the political leaders should have to fulfill the needs of people. The people's oriented leadership always empathizes on the development of the country. Nepal' is known as the place from where world civilization started. Nepal is a sovereign ancient nation with its traditional identity. Nepal is a mini-world. Physically, Nepal is built of high Himalayas including the highest peak in the world, hills and the low-land Terai. People belonging to different ethnic groups settle here. The soil in this country varies from place to place. It differs from east to the west and hills to the Terai. The farmers here produce different edible crops. Whatever crops are available in the nook and corner of the globe, we can produce them in Nepal’s soil. The Himalayan region of the north is the store of fresh water and it is ecologically very rich. There are almost 100 peaks in Nepal’s Himalayas. More than one million visitors come to Nepal every year for wildlife viewing, river rafting, and mountain climbing. Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world, and Kanchenjunga, the third highest peak is in Nepal and hundreds of mountaineers from across the world come to conquer them.




This country is blessed by the nature with several rivers, lakes, streams and fountains. Nepal has ample sources of water in the form of white gold. Nepal can also be a great store of food-grains if well irrigated and it has high potential of hydroelectric energy. As Arabian countries are god gifted with sufficient Petroleum products, Nepal has sufficient water for hydroelectricity, which can be used to earn foreign currencies. Dense forest, rare animals and more than 800 types of birds plus herbal plants make Nepal a nature friendly and very rich country in many ways. The Himalayan country Nepal is known as a unique natural, cultural and adventurous destination in the tourism map of the world. Nepal is a land of eternal attraction, a place where one visit is hardly ever enough. It's a land of colorful cultures, ancient history and people, superb scenery and some of the best walking on earth. Nepal is one of the best tourism destinations in the world. Many of the tourists and the foreigners claim, "Nepal is the most beautiful place in the world."

Though Nepal is a small country, it is a common home of various ethnic communities and caste groups. The national aspirations can’t be met by belittling any of the castes and sub-castes. Nepal is fortunate enough to have one-cultural nationalism. This culture is made with the components of Hinduism and Buddhism. Tolerance and civilization make our sublime culture. Many visitors come to the pilgrimage to Hindu and Buddhist sacred places. Nepal is rich and complex mixture of different cultures and traditions, melded over thousands of years into a unique whole. Though Nepal is a small country it is rich in ancient history, evidences various types of accidents, feelings and events. But, it is the misfortune of Nepal that those at the helm of the government were never responsible towards the nation and people. Nepal is richest in natural and cultural resources. Due to the traitors' regime since 2006, Nepal is converted in the ranks of the poorest nations in the world and this is because there are no sincere leaders and people’s representatives. Leaders of the political parties are always tangled up in petty disputes and are carelessly playing with the prestige of the nation.

It will not be preposterous to say that the country is passing through an extremely delicate phase. The first Constituent Assembly (CA) faced a humiliating debacle and could not deliver the much-desired new constitution. Though the second election for a new CA has been successfully completed, the country does not seem closer to a constitution. There has been no any mitigation in the cavernous gulf amongst the political parties that led to the dissolution of the first CA. What is more worrisome is that the major parties continue to seem obsessed with fighting over trivial issues. Due to the corrupted and traitors' regime, Nepal is known as a very poor country. But, actually, Nepal is rich in every aspect.

An analyst Bec Ordish writes- 'Nepal is not a poor country; it is just poorly governed.' 'Nepali Congress (NC) and CPN (UML) again seem to be fascinated with dog-eat-dog competition for pouncing upon greater chunk in the share of power. Similarly, the UCPN (Maoist) is again using wayward tactics to meet its own political end. The threat to boycott the CA citing "massive vote rigging" can, in no way, be termed as a rational political exercise. Other parties who suffered humiliating defeat in the CA election is also crying foul by backing the Maoists. The parties are also nominating many businessmen as their PR candidates in exchange of the kickback provided to political leaders.'

Of course, in any parliamentary democracy, the instances of political bargaining are not totally unnatural. However, as far as Nepali politics goes, the rule of political haggling violates minimum morality and ethics. It is grossly unethical and unscrupulous political methods that constantly marred the entire nation. Genuine needs and aspirations of general people have often been subjugated to the hedonistic desire of politicos. I think the political scenario would have again been dominated by the absurd melodrama.

In the context of Nepal's election, a scholar Noaman G. Ali writes –' Elections in Nepal and questions for people's struggles' 'However, by November 19, 2013, the date of the second set of CA elections, the party had split into two factions that both appeared to have failed in their goals. On one hand, the reformist, electoral Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), or UCPN (Maoist), lost much of their support and were reduced to third-party status in the new assembly.
'In order to overthrow the monarchy and establish a republic by the hints of Indian Govt, the Maoist leadership, particularly the reformist faction led by Chairman Prachanda and Vice-Chairman Baburam Bhattarai, entered into a compromising peace process with the mainstream political parties- Congress and UML. The Maoists also compromised on their own revolutionary ideals, a betrayal that greatly disappointed core supporters and non-core swing supporters, not to mention the radicals in the Maoist party.
Upon forming government, the Maoists found that the institutions of the state were not in their favor, as these institutions are heavily structured by Nepal’s ruling classes and foreign domination. The Maoists resigned in protest in 2009 as they could not exercise civilian control over the chief of the Army, which was backed by the United States and India. The Maoists did not take the rein of government again until 2011, only to soon dissolve the CA in 2012. Out of five years of the CA, the Maoists governed more-or-less for two years, where the institutions of the bourgeois, neo-colonial state were hostile to them. Clearly, this wasn’t going to help the masses build confidence in the CA or in the Maoists as an electoral party.

Yet, international powers also have no desire to address the factors that led to the insurgency and revolution in the first place – underdevelopment, widespread poverty and inequality, caste and gender discrimination, ethno-national oppression, and so on. What they would like is a pastiche of India, a liberal, parliamentary democratic set up with no real substantive transformation of society. Due to this external influence, Nepal has not been able to engage in autonomous development.

Similarly an analyst Seema Sengupta expresses- 'Nepal poll result poses security threat to India.' 'The Nov. 19 constituent assembly election — that analysts believed was the only way to extricate impoverished Nepal out of half-a-decade old constitutional crisis — failed to usher in the much sought-after political stability. A hung parliament and the defeated Maoists’ threat of non-cooperation— unless their demand for investigation into alleged poll irregularities and accommodation in a unity government are met — can potentially deepen the chaos.

Nepal’s national economy is in disarray due to uninterrupted political instability and this landlocked nation currently depends on foreign aid to fund two-third of its development projects. But for the external financial support plus significant funds sent home annually by the expatriate Nepali population working in the Gulf region and elsewhere, the country would have gone bankrupt long ago. Even agriculture, Nepal’s principal economic activity that contributes to one third of GDP, is in shambles. Worst still, tourism, the most potential revenue generator, is giving diminishing returns.

In fact, Indian diplomats are accused of blatantly taking sides in confrontations between various actors and institutions in Nepal. Such foreign interferences created enough stimuli to incite domestic disaffection and the abject failure of the Nepali leadership of all hue to preserve the core national interest intensified the disillusionment further. Undoubtedly, not a single Nepali politician attained the standard of that standalone statesman, capable of preventing his motherland from descending into a morass of myopia, corruption and caprice. They surely must take the blame for the exodus of 6 million people in search of economic opportunities elsewhere due to perpetual political stalemate. The Indian strategic establishment can no longer repeat the past mistakes if they want to preserve domestic as well as regional peace and stability. Rather, it is time for New Delhi to act in a way that does not put into quandary a realistic chance of achieving a democratic zone of peace in the Indian subcontinent. Nepal, at the end of the day, requires sufficient time and international assistance to stabilize and prosper because drafting a constitution is no child’s play.'

Nepal doesn’t have to be poor. It is rich in natural resources- it has one of the highest quantities of water supplies in the world. So why are there water shortages and lack of electricity? It has the geography to grow lots of wonderful products in high demand in other parts of the world. The country spent billions of rupees to conduct the 2nd CA elections, yet, there is no certainty that a constitution will be written within one year or even within four years. Even if the constitution is drafted, whether that will be acceptable to all or the constitution is going to be burnt immediately after its issuance. So, it is uncertainty to format the new constitution. Then, if we enrich our level of understanding, many of the problems would be automatically resolved. First of all, the traitors and corrupts from 2006, should be punished. Then, we Nepalese people can adjust our way of life prosperous keeping sovereignty intact reinstating the norms of 1990 constitution for the sake of Nepalese stability. Actually, the 2nd CA also can't format the constitution. So, the new 2nd elected CA must propose and decide to implement the symbolic identities of 2047 BS constitution-the constitutional monarchy and Hindu nation honoring the national integrity.

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