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Iran Lashes Out at Israel

The Middle East is on the brink of a nightmarish conflict 

by Alexander Ziperovich

In the past few hours, hundreds of Iranian suicide drones, cruise missiles, and ballistic missiles have been careening through the air over Iraq and Jordan toward targets in Israel. It was a massive aerial bombardment, and a watershed moment in the Middle East, as Iran lashes out at Israel directly, and as more violence embroils this troubled region.

Photo via X / Collin Rugg

Frankly, this is a game-changer. 

The Middle East finds itself on the brink of what could be a truly cataclysmic conflict, one that has already drawn in the United States, and which could easily suck in other regional and global players. This is an attack originating from Iranian soil, authored by Tehran, but tacitly supported by Iran’s numerous regional proxies and militias across Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, and Yemen. 

At this point, it’s impossible to predict the outcome of such a massive strike. It’s an unprecedented escalation, inherently destabilizing, and perhaps a decisive turning point in the region. But one thing seems quite clear: Israeli retaliation is all but assured, based on the scale and scope of Iran’s attack, despite what seems to be Israel’s mostly successful effort to intercept the incoming missiles and drones. The IDF’s longtime spokesman Johnathan Conricus wrote this on X:

Masks are off. Iran has attacked Israel directly from Iranian soil and will now pay a totally different pricefor their actions. 

This is day 1 of a new Middle East, Opportunity for Israel, the US and Sunni states to bring security to the region. 

Indeed, events in the Middle East are rapidly spiraling out of control, and Israel and Iran’s long twilight war has emerged from the shadows, and violently burst out into the open. It’s a treacherous new reality, as a wider war threatens the entire Middle East, even as a hot war continues to consume eastern Europe, following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

It’s clear that Iran has lurched far up the ladder of escalation with this attack, and it’s almost certain that Israel will climb it further in response. It’s the kind of escalatory dance that is nearly impossible to control or contain, once it begins in earnest. 

The widening violence has profound implications for America’s own national security at home and in the region, and for global stability writ large. U.S. military assets are already on the ground, and have been engaging these incoming Iranian missiles and drones, as U.S. and Israeli fighter jets and naval assets work to defend Israeli cities from the onslaught. 

At this early hour, it seems that Israel and the U.S. have successfully intercepted the vast majority of these drones and missiles, a potent reminder of America and Israel’s profound military and technological superiority on the battlefield. The Biden administration declared that America’s commitment to Israeli security is “ironclad,” and U.S. military support tonight further demonstrated the strength and durability of that alliance, despite recent tensions between President Joe Biden and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu over Israel’s 6-month war against Hamas in Gaza.

A cycle of mutual escalation
It’s important to note that this Iranian attack was itself a retaliatory strike, launched in response to Israel’s recent precision airstrike against an Iranian consulate facility in Damascus, Syria, during which 7 IRGC commanders were killed. But this is a massive attack, rather than a carefully calibrated strike designed to save face, and avoid a larger conflict. 

It’s a demonstration of how major wars can begin even when both parties are seemingly seeking to avoid a larger conflict, amid what becomes an uncontrollable cycle of military escalations, strikes and counterstrikes.

After the U.S. assassinated Gen. Qassem Soleimani with hellfire missiles at an airport in Iraq, Tehran responded with about two dozen drones and missiles fired at a remote American military base, an attack that resulted in several traumatic brain injuries, but no fatalities. Iran’s massive aerial barrage feels different, a major military escalation that will conceivably incur casualties, and which will demand a harsh Israeli response. 

The idea that Bibi Netanyahu’s far-right wartime cabinet would not respond leaves me incredulous. Indeed, Israel has already promised a ferocious response, and at this moment, the only question seems to be how far they’ll go in trying to reestablish deterrence. It’s unclear if the Biden administration’s call for Israeli restraint will matter, or be brushed aside.

Meanwhile, Hezbollah continues launching glancing attacks from Lebanon into Israel, as do the Houthis in Yemen, even as Israel continues to fight against Hamas in Gaza. It’s a tidy demonstration of the so-called Axis of Resistance that Iran has created as a regional instrument to project power across the Middle East, without directly engaging. This is what Iran refers to as its ”Ring of Fire,” designed to pressure Israel and the United States; it’s a reminder that any full-blown war with Iran would likely be a fairly expansive conflict, one that would almost certainly envelop much of the Middle East, and perhaps beyond.

Regime change
There are important factions in the uppermost echelons of both America and Israel’s political, military, and security establishments who have long wanted a chance to confront Iran, destroy its budding nuclear capabilities, and perhaps even pursue regime change, a la Iraq. Right now, that perspective is sure to be ascendant, following this brazen attack.

Of course, Iran has a long and noxious history of targeting Western interests and assets, supporting global terrorism, and generally destabilizing the entire Middle East through its proxy forces. The revolutionary Islamic Republic of Iran was born in an act of violence against the United States, when they took the entire U.S. embassy hostage. 

Since then, Tehran has authored dozens of bloody terrorist attacks around the world. They’ve been linked to the 1994 bombing of a Jewish center in Argentina, the bombing of the U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut, and the downing of Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie, among many other attacks. 

Likewise, Iran has sponsored Hezbollah in Lebanon, Hamas in Gaza, and they flooded Iraq with improvised explosives devices that took a gruesome toll on coalition soldiers during the American war there. They’ve used their proxies to grievous effect across the Middle East, even as they’ve pursued nuclear weapons at home. Iran is a tyrannical religious dictatorship, which oppresses its citizens at home, and foments violence abroad.

And yet, Iran has never fought directly against either Israel or the United States. After tonight’s audacious attack, that stasis may change. This attack sets the stage for what could be a horrific conflict, and an explosion of violence that may be impossible to control. As regime supporters celebrate Iran’s attacks in the streets of Tehran tonight, the rest of the world comprehends the incredible danger of this moment, and the risk of a terrible conflagration of biblical proportions. 

Alexander Ziperovich is a Political analyst and Opinion columnist. He writes about politics, justice, foreign affairs, and culture, dissecting the larger historical and social context behind important events.

Mounting debt bill is America's greatest national security threat: National Interest

Washington is "carrying the debt load that the United States has been carrying -- and constantly piling more, all while using the dollar's dominant position as a cudgel against other great powers," said an article by The National Interest.
America's mounting debt bill is the country's greatest national security crisis-in-waiting, U.S. magazine The National Interest has reported.

Noting that the country registered a 1.6 trillion-U.S. dollar deficit this year and a 35-trillion-dollar overall debt, the report said Thursday that Washington is "carrying the debt load that the United States has been carrying -- and constantly piling more, all while using the dollar's dominant position as a cudgel against other great powers."

Photo taken on Jan. 19, 2023 shows the U.S. Capitol building in Washington, D.C., the United States. (Photo by Ting Shen/Xinhua)

Given America's position at the center of global trade throughout the 20th century, Washington got used to a domestic policy of spending "as profligately as" it wants as well as a foreign policy of crafting "devastating financial weapons, such as sanctions, to harm countries with which it has problems," it said.

Washington has been "abusing America's economic dominance," which is a "folly," it noted.

"Both the Trump and Biden Administrations engaged in the most irresponsible level of deficit spending in the history of America, first to combat the economic downturn caused by the (COVID-19) lockdowns, then to stimulate the ailing economy," which resulted in skyrocketing inflation and surging interest rates at home, the report said.

A gloomy U.S. economic outlook, together with a fear of Washington's wanton use of "the weaponized dollar" against developing countries, has prompted the Global South to search for a hedge against possible risks, it added. - Xinhua 

Iran launches large-scale drone, missile attack against Israel

A combined attack of dozens of ballistic missiles and hundreds of drones from Iran triggered air raid alerts across Israel early on Sunday, the Israeli army said, as residents reported multiple bombings were heard.

This long exposure photo taken on April 14, 2024 shows traces of miles and flares from explosions in the sky over Kiryat Shemona as Israel's anti-missile system intercepts missiles and drones from Iran. (Ayal Margolin/JINI via Xinhua)

The projectiles triggered sirens in Jerusalem, the Negev Desert and the Dead Sea in the south, the Israeli-annexed Golan Heights in the north as well as the occupied West Bank.

Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Spokesman Daniel Hagari confirmed during a press briefing that Israel was under attack by ballistic missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles from Iran, noting that aerial defense systems have intercepted some of the missiles.

Israel’s state-owned Kan TV news reported that about 100 drones, out of about 400-500 that have been launched, were intercepted before reaching Israel by allied countries, including the American, Jordanian, and British forces.

How Tech is used to kill civilians in Gaza?

Who could state that said the “spark of life” was abandoned more so in this war? It may seem targeting the wanted “Mafioso Criminals” which Isra El’ had on its lists as “enemies of the State”, was expected, to be pursued, but not accomplished?

by Victor Cherubim

Many know that Artificial Intelligence (AI) is already used to be a force for the good, as well as a force for evil?

How many of us know that Amazon and Google and some other BIG TECH Companies jointly signed a US$ 1.2 billion contract to provide the Israeli Government military cloud computing software technology, used in the killing of civilian residents in the War in Gaza.

File Photo

As the saying “everything goes in love and war, ”the powers to be” perhaps, could have consoled themselves by blaming much of this inhumanity in war as, “the machine did it, not us” syndrome? It’s the blame game?

It is a pathetic state of affairs that the war could have killed over 32,000 civilians in Gaza, in a matter of six months, if for sake of argument, we accept that Palestinians and Israeli’s are both human wouldn’t they be a bit more considerate, more understanding not to massacre, just born innocent children? That is too much to ask today, as pride of place takes precedence in any war?

It is a international disgrace that the world body, the United Nations Security Council, is unable to enforce its resolution for a temporary ceasefire at least?

Who could state that said the “spark of life” was abandoned more so in this war? It may seem targeting the wanted “Mafioso Criminals” which Isra El’ had on its lists as “enemies of the State”, was expected, to be pursued, but not accomplished?

Outsourcing is a phenomenon of our times

Beside, we should also not be surprised by these same big tech firms benefitting themselves by “Outsourcing,” a lot of the repetitious and tedious work that is performed better by machine, than by Man. The human brain, no longer seems to be the deciding factor, instead “it seems cloned” and AI does is partly doing the work of statistics analysis, as well as some identification of identity, together with its so called “donkey work,” which is outsourced. Far away, wage cheap, cheap labour distant places like Vietnam, Philippines, and South Africa and without a doubt, the more software business has gone to Bangalore, South India?

Money counts and cheap money always counts as better value for the quick buck making industrial world.

What then really counts more in today’s world?

Semiconductor chips have taken over. It is sad, yet in some respects beneficial that semiconductor chips are in place in everything from our Smart Phone, Smart Watch, our driverless Cars, auto catalytic converters and rechargeable batteries, to the very satellites that keep us “connected”. They cannot be manufactured without Rare Earth Elements (REEs). The writing is on the wall, “no Rare Earth elements equals = no semiconductor chips equals =no AI or AGI, Artificial General Intelligence, and other Advanced Tech.  

China has the largest reserves of Rare Earth metals and production of REM in the world. Vietnam, Brazil and Russia also have significant reserves.

In the past RE elements were not considered mine worthy, but are now in much demand, due to Semi-Conductor and Systems industries leverage AI.

Researchers believe that the application of Machine Learning AI/ML will dramatically accelerate in the semiconductor industry over the next few years. Taking steps to scale up now will allow companies to capture the full benefits of these technologies.

Research Company, McKynsey & Co., believe device makers, including Integrated Device Manufacturers (IDMs), foundries, and semiconductor assembly and test services, or SATS, will become more competitive.  

Because of their high capital requirements, semiconductor companies operate in a winner-takes-most or winner-takes-all environment. Consequently, they have persistently attempted to shorten product life cycles and aggressively pursue innovation to introduce products more quickly and stay competitive. But the stakes are getting increasingly high. With each new technology node, expenses rise because research and design investments, as well as capital expenditures for production equipment, increase drastically as structures get smaller. For example, “research and design costs for the development of a chip increased from about $28 million per node to about $540 million at the leading-edge 5 nm node, meanwhile, fab construction costs for the same nodes increased from $400 million to $5.4 billion”.

What will stop the escalation of wars in the future?

In short, wars begin in the minds of man and in the minds of Man, defences of peace must be constructed. Control AI and in essence you control wars of the future. Man needs time and space to survive?

Largest Prison in The World

Israeli authorities claim “broad powers and discretion to decide who may enter its territory” and that “a foreigner has no legal right to enter the State’s sovereign territory, including for transit into the West Bank or aboard.”

by Kazi Anwarul Masud

The UK Guardian reported in March 2024 that Cruising south along Israel’s coastal highway, there are almost no signs that one is approaching Gaza. Two million people live trapped on a thin slice of land along the Mediterranean, but someone could easily drive past and miss it altogether. For visitors to the strip, restricted mainly to diplomats, aid workers, and journalists, the last stop in Israel is a service station, where Red Sea-bound tourists and commuters sip lattes and eat chocolate croissants at an American-style coffeehouse. Walking back to their cars, they may glimpse the only hint of Gaza’s existence – a white orb high in the southern sky, a tethered surveillance balloon that provides the Israeli army with a 24-hour overhead view of the enclave.

Palestinians are seen at a temporary shelter in the southern Gaza Strip city of Khan Younis, Dec. 13, 2023. (Photo by Rizek Abdeljawad/Xinhua)


 Israeli authorities claim “broad powers and discretion to decide who may enter its territory” and that “a foreigner has no legal right to enter the State’s sovereign territory, including for transit into the West Bank or aboard.” While international human rights law gives wide latitude to governments about the entry of foreigners, Israel has heightened obligations toward Gaza residents. Because of the continuing controls Israel exercises over the lives and welfare of Gaza’s inhabitants, Israel remains an occupying power under international humanitarian law, despite withdrawing its military forces and settlements from the territory in 2005. Both the UN and the International Committee of the Red Cross, the guardians of international humanitarian law, have reached this determination. As the occupying power, Israel remains bound to provide residents of Gaza with the rights and protections afforded to them by the law of occupation. Israeli authorities continue to control Gaza’s territorial waters and airspace, and the movement of people and goods, except at Gaza’s border with Egypt. Israel must respect the human rights of Palestinians living in Gaza, including their right to freedom of movement throughout the Occupied Palestinian Territory and abroad, which affects both the right to leave a country and the right to enter their own country. Israel is also obligated to respect Palestinians’ rights for which freedom of movement is a precondition. The UN Human Rights Committee has said that while states can restrict freedom of movement for security reasons or to protect public health, public order, and the rights of others, any such restrictions must be proportional and “the restrictions must not impair the essence of the right; the relation between the right and restriction, between norm and exception, must not be reversed.” While the law of occupation permits occupying powers to impose security restrictions on civilians, it also requires them to restore public life for the occupied population. That obligation increases in a prolonged occupation, in which the occupier has more time and opportunity to develop more narrowly tailored responses to security threats that minimize restrictions on rights. In addition, the needs of the occupied population increase over time. Suspending virtually all freedom of movement for a short period interrupts temporarily normal public life, but long-term, indefinite suspension in Gaza has had a much more debilitating impact, fragmentating populations. The impact is particularly damaging given the denial of freedom of movement to people who are confined to a sliver of the occupied territory, unable to interact in person with the majority of the occupied population that lives in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and its rich assortment of educational, cultural, religious, and commercial institutions. After 55 years of occupation and 15 years of closure in Gaza with no end in sight, Israel should fully respect the human rights of Palestinians, using as a benchmark the rights it grants Israeli citizens. Israel should abandon an approach that bars movement absent exceptional individual humanitarian circumstances it defines, in favor of an approach that permits free movement absent exceptional individual security circumstances.


 Most Palestinians who grew up in Gaza under Israeli closure have never left the 40-by-11-kilometer (25-by-7 mile) Gaza Strip. For the last 25 years, Israel has increasingly restricted the movement of Gaza residents. Since June 2007, when Hamas seized control over Gaza from the Fatah-led Palestinian Authority (PA), Gaza has been mostly closed. Israeli authorities justify this closure on security grounds, in light of “Hamas’ rise to power in the Gaza Strip,” as they lay out in a December court filing. Authorities highlight in particular the risk that Hamas and armed Palestinian groups will recruit or coerce Gaza residents “for the commission of terrorist acts and the transfer of operatives, knowledge, intelligence, funds or equipment for terrorist activists.” Their policy, though, amounts to a blanket denial with rare exceptions, rather than a generalized respect for the right of Palestinians to freedom of movement, to be denied only based on individualized security reasons.


As part of the closure, Israeli authorities have sought to “differentiate” between their policy approaches to Gaza and the West Bank, such as imposing more sweeping restrictions on the movement of people and goods from Gaza to the West Bank and promoting separation between these two parts of the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The army’s “Procedure for Settlement in the Gaza Strip ” published in 2018, that “in 2006, a decision was made to introduce a policy of separation between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip in light of Hamas’ rise to power in the Gaza Strip. The policy currently in effect is explicitly aimed at reducing travel between the areas.” In each of the 11 cases Human Rights Watch reviewed of people seeking to reach the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, for professional and educational opportunities not available in Gaza, Israeli authorities did not respond to requests for permits or denied them, either for security reasons or because they did not conform to the closure policy. Human Rights Watch also reviewed permit applications on the website of the Palestinian Civil Affairs Committee, or screenshots of them, including the status of the permit applications, when they were sent to the Israeli authorities and the response received, if any. In short, one may easily conclude that Benjamin Netanyahu has to disappear from Israeli politics for the sake of Israel to exist as an entity and as Senate Majority Leader in the US and Pope Benedict’s most recent advice to Ukraine to surrender to the Russians for the world to live in peace.

When the flames of war are blazing in Gaza!

Israeli PM Netanyahu has vowed to push ahead, saying a ground invasion of the southern city is necessary to take down Hamas.

by Anwar A. Khan

A complete catastrophe, the whole Rafah is affected by the irremediable tragedy. Gaza aid groups have been compelled to brace for Israeli invasion of Rafah.

For the 18-year-old Nadine from the al-Nasr neighbourhood in central Gaza, writing poetry is an escape valve during times of war. “Two years ago, I found that I am really into poetry,” she explains. “After that realisation, everything I encounter in my life I document on paper; my tears, and shouts form my poems. Just like that, writing poetry becomes an escape for me – a world of my own, far away from the world I live in.” She writes even when “the flames of war are blazing.”

People wait for food relief in the southern Gaza Strip city of Rafah on March 14, 2024. (Photo by Khaled Omar/Xinhua)

During the most recent Israeli assault on Gaza, she wrote this:

“There, on the other side,

time changes, hours pass, and it gets darker,

the sky takes off its dim dress, then the morning arrives,

but here where I live, and breathe, life wears its black dress constantly,

to mourn the labour of my land,

which took a long time.

Here, the hanging clock, in my room is broken,

not only this one, everyone’s clock is broken here,

my mother keeps saying:

everyone is waiting for the elixir,

we’ve had it with the grief and agony.

In this holy land we sleep and wake up

on the sound of bombing and shooting

so, the first light of day rises in the evening,

lighting up the sky with the blood of martyrs,

here death sleeps not far from us.

We all walk towards freedom, towards hope,

we walk on the shattered glass of our broken windows,

we walk on stones that once were a house,

carrying stories and secrets,

we walk with the screams of children,

and the groans of mothers pulsating over and over in our ears.”

As Israel continues to threaten a full-scale assault on Rafah in southern Gaza, local, regional, and international aid groups have been scrambling to try to prepare to respond to the catastrophic humanitarian impact a ground invasion is expected to have. Facing a severe scarcity of supplies and resources, people involved in the effort say whatever preparations they are able to make will undoubtedly fall far short of the needs.

“We’re taking the Israel threats very seriously, and are acting accordingly,” Dr Bashar Murad, executive director of the Palestinian Red Crescent in Gaza, told the media outlets. “We’ve seen what the Israeli military is capable of doing in Gaza City, in the north of Gaza, and in Khan Younis. This could all be replicated in Rafah too.”

The nearby coastal region of al-Mawasi which Israel unilaterally declared a ‘safe zone’ earlier in the war, although it has continued to bomb and kill civilians in the area – has become a staging ground for these efforts. Hundreds of thousands of displaced people have already relocated to al-Mawasi from all over Gaza. Preparing for a new influx from Rafah, aid groups have been building new displacement camps, emergency medical clinics, food warehouses, and other humanitarian infrastructure in the area.

Israel, however, is continuing to obstruct the delivery of aid to Gaza and hamper humanitarian activities including by killing an unprecedented number of aid workers inside the enclave. A sparsely populated agricultural area before the war, al-Mawasi also lacks basic infrastructure, such as paved roads, water supply lines, electricity, and sanitation facilities. These limitations are making it difficult for aid groups to find suitable locations to establish facilities and enough supplies to stock them.

Still, the increasing number of medical clinics, community kitchens, aid distribution points, warehouses, and temporary field offices for local and international aid groups was clearly visible there. Many facilities are housed in tents and sheds, while seaside vacation homes and vegetable and poultry farms have been repurposed into aid warehouses and communal kitchens.

“All these efforts will amount to nothing in the case of an Israeli invasion of Rafah,” Dawoud al-Astal, a relief activist and supervisor at the local Al-Fajr Youth Association, which has been providing support to displaced people in al-Mawasi, told the media outlets.

Much-needed humanitarian work may come to a halt altogether because it is unclear how aid will reach Gaza if the two main border crossings used to bring aid in – both in Rafah – are cut off by an invasion, the Red Crescent’s Murad added.

With a population of around 275,000 before the war, Rafah is the last major urban area in Gaza that is yet to see a large-scale Israeli ground offensive. Around 1.4 million people forcibly displaced from their homes in other parts of Gaza have taken shelter in and around the city. Aid groups are expecting many of these people to flood into al-Mawasi if and when an Israeli invasion of Rafah begins.

Israeli PM Netanyahu has vowed to push ahead, saying a ground invasion of the southern city is necessary to take down Hamas. The Palestinian political and militant group, which has governed Gaza since 2007, is responsible for launching the deadly 7 October attacks into Israel that precipitated the current war.

Six months into Israel’s military campaign, 1.1 million people are facing imminent, man-made famine in Gaza, over 34,000 have been killed, nearly two million have been forcibly displaced, and the entire population is reliant on an insufficient supply of humanitarian aid.

Israel recently pledged to increase humanitarian access after killing seven staff from the NGO World Central Kitchen in drone strikes. Whether that will happen, and how far it will go towards addressing the immense needs in Gaza, remain to be seen. Aid leaders have repeatedly said an immediate ceasefire is needed to avert further catastrophe in the enclave.

Outside of Rafah, much of the rest of Gaza has been left in ruins, and aid access is even more restricted in the north of Gaza than it is in the south. These factors would make it difficult for people fleeing an Israeli assault on Rafah to return to homes elsewhere in Gaza – many of which have been destroyed – or to seek shelter in other parts of the enclave.

Al-Mawasi – a narrow strip of territory along the sea less than one kilometre wide in some places, extending from the north of Rafah to the south of Deir al-Balah is a last resort. One of the top priorities of aid groups has been to try to build some healthcare capacity in the area to try to compensate for the devastation of Gaza’s medical sector.

“An Israeli invasion of Rafah will result in a complete catastrophe to the healthcare system, of which only the small hospitals are operational at a capacity of 270%,” said Murad, from the Palestinian Red Crescent.

Already, 26 out of Gaza’s 36 hospitals have been knocked out of service by Israel’s military campaign. The 10 remaining hospitals (four in the north and six in the south) are only partially functional.

The number of displaced people already in al-Mawasi is “over and above the limited resources and infrastructure the area has had since before the war”, Hany Nabil, a relief volunteer and activist from al-Mawasi, told. “This is an area that has no clean water, no infrastructure, and no necessary resources which relief work requires.”

Nabil has been working to try to provide fuel, medication, shelter, and other forms of support to people in al-Mawasi. Those supplies are located in Rafah and have to be transported to the area. An Israeli assault on the city would cut that crucial lifeline, Nabil said.

“Rafah is where the medicine and fuel warehouses and storage facilities are, and it’s where foreign medical teams arrived to support the healthcare system and where the real infrastructure is,” he explained.

“If a mass displacement takes place, an immense and sophisticated level of coordination and massive resources, along with international support, will be needed and is incredibly lacking at the current stage,” Nabil, an aid worker said.

International aid groups have been similarly critical of Israel’s baneful plan of obstructing the aid workers to work fitfully to support the destitute people at Rafah. Even if Palestine isn’t your national or political issue, don’t forget that it is a human issue in the first place.

Anwar A. Khan is an independent political analyst based in Dhaka, Bangladesh who writes on politics, political and human-centred figures, current and international affairs